how to do funeral prayer in islam


Explains below the procedure of funeral prayer or Janaza salah (mayyith namaskaram in malayalam). Funeral prayer should be performed while standing.

Reward for the deceased (for whom funeral prayer is offered)

Aishah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “No one among the Muslims dies, and Salat is performed for him by a community of Muslims reaching one hundred, and they intercede (supplicate) for him, except that their intercession for him is accepted.” In his narration, Ali bin Hujr said, “One hundred or more than that.”

It means if a group of people (numbering above forty or hundred, as per different narrations) offer funeral prayer for a deceased Muslim, and supplicate for the deceased, their supplication for the dead is accepted by Allah.

The reward for offering funeral prayer as per sahih hadith

Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (PBUH) said, “Whoever attends a funeral procession till he offers funeral prayer for it, will get a reward equal to one Qirat; and whoever accompanies it till burial will get a reward equal to two Qirat.” It was asked, “What are two Qirat?” He replied, “Like two huge mountains."

The procedure(as per Shafi'i)

- Four takbir

- After first takbir - recite Surah Al-Fatiha

- After second takbir - 

one should say Salat upon the Prophet (PBUH). The wordings of Salat upon the Prophet (PBUH) are:
Allahumma salli ala-Muhammad wa ala aal-e-Muhammad, kama salayta ala Ibrahim wa ala aal-e-Ibrahim innaka Hameed-um-Majeed; Allahumma barik ala Muhammad wa ala aal-e-Muhammad, kama barakta ala Ibrahim wa ala aal-e-Ibrahim innaka Hameed-um-Majeed.

- After third takbir

Allahum-maghfir li-hayyina wa mayyitina wa shahidina wa ghaibina, wa saghirina wa kabirina, wa dhakarina wa unthana; Allahumma man ahyaytahu minna fa ahyihi alal-Islam wa man tawaffaytahu minna fatawaffahu alal-Iman.
Allahumma la tahrimna ajrahu wa la tudillana ba’dah.
(O Allaah, forgive our living and our dead, those who are present among us and those who are absent, our young and our old, our males and our females. O Allaah, whoever You keep alive, keep him alive in Islam, and whoever You cause to die, cause him to die with faith. O Allaah, forgive him and have mercy on him, keep him safe and sound and forgive him, honour the place where he settles and make his entrance wide; wash him with water and snow and hail, and cleanse him of sin as a white garment is cleansed of dirt. O Allaah, give him a house better than his house and a family better than his family. O Allaah, admit him to Paradise and protect him from the torment of the grave and the torment of Hell-fire; make his grave spacious and fill it with light. O Allaah, do not deprive us of the reward and do not cause us to go astray after this).

- After fourth takbir

There is no particular recitation after fourth Takbir. The Sunnah way, agreed by all, is to say Taslim immediately after pronouncing fourth Takbir.This is to say
Assalamu alikum wa-rahmathullah

.سُبْحَانَ رَبِّكَ رَبِّ الْعِزَّةِ عَمَّا يَصِفُون َ ; وَسَلامٌ عَلَى الْمُرْسَلِينَ ; وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

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